When it comes to skincare, it is wise to know what works for your skin and what doesn’t.
With different skin types, the skincare routines also tend to vary greatly.
One thing that stays constant here is the protein that offers a stable structure to your skin, called collagen.
As collagen’s health benefits are catching on, people dive deeper into the science behind the nutrition it offers and the various types.
Are you trying to understand different types of collagen but don’t know where to begin from?
Keep reading to find out everything you must know about different types of collagen.
What Are The Things You Must Know About Types Of Collagen?
Collagen is undoubtedly the most abundantly available protein in your body, constituting around 25-35% of the whole-body protein content.
It is not only the building block of skin but also helps keep your skin wrinkle-free and young.
Here are a few things you must know about the different types of collagen:
1. Structure Of Collagen
If you’re curious about how collagen works, the first thing you must know about is the structure of this protein.
It consists of three amino acids: proline, glycine, and hydroxyproline.
The collagen molecule is in the shape of a triple helix or triple spiral that combines with other molecules to form a mesh network in the dermis.
The dermis is the layer of skin between subcutaneous fat and the epidermis.
2. Natural Sources Of Collagen
As you age, collagen production keeps reducing, and you may need to start consuming food that contains collagen.
You should add natural sources of collagen to your daily diet to keep your skin in good condition.
- Plant-based options like lentils, pulses, cottage cheese, tofu, soy, yogurt, rice, quinoa, and barley are excellent sources of collagen for vegetarians and vegans.
- Animal-based sources such as bone broth, eggs, and pasture-raised pork are rich in collagen.
- Consider adding CBD products (like the one from Sunday Scaries) to your skincare routine as they may help support collagen production and promote soft and supple skin.
3. Various Types Of Collagen
As per research, there are more than 28 types of collagen found in the human body. While there are many types, the most prominent ones among them are only four.
90% of the total collagen present in your body is Type I.
It provides a structure to your bones, ligaments, tendons, connective tissues, among many other organs.
The level of Type I collagen tends to start decreasing once you reach the age of 25.
Since it is present in connective tissues, it may lead to fine lines, wrinkles, sagging skin, thinning hair, and brittle nails.
Related: 6 Ways Marine Collagen Can Help You Look Younger
Another common type of collagen is Type II.
Although it is less prevalent than Type I, it is still imperative for you. Type II collagen forms the cartilage, and it keeps your skeletal system healthy.
The third type of collagen, called Type III, facilitates the building of arteries and muscles.
It is present commonly in reticular fibers, also known as bone marrow.
Type IV collagen is also an essential type that helps with the inflation of skin, and it is present in the various layers of your skin.
4. Benefits Of Collagen
Collagen is essential for your body as it offers a wide array of benefits.
- The protein gives structure, rigidity, texture, and toughness to your skin.
- It helps in maintaining skin elasticity and ensures you have well-maintained skin.
- It’s pivotal for the health of almost every bodily system.
- Can protect you from plenty of skin problems like UV-induced melasma.
- It may also facilitate the healing of wounds quickly.
5. Other Uses Of Collagen
6. Collagen Destroying Behavior
While collagen’s level naturally starts reducing as you age, certain external factors also contribute to its depletion. You can try to avoid such factors that keep your skin healthy and smooth.
Keep the following things that you must avoid:
- Poor sleep habits: Inadequate sleep can disrupt the body’s natural regenerative processes, including collagen synthesis. Aim for a consistent sleep schedule and prioritize quality sleep to support collagen production and overall skin health.
- Chronic stress: Prolonged stress can impact collagen production and accelerate its breakdown. Find healthy ways to manage stress, such as practicing mindfulness, engaging in relaxation techniques, or pursuing hobbies, to help maintain optimal collagen levels.
- Environmental pollutants: Exposure to pollutants in the air, such as air pollution and toxins, can generate free radicals in the body. Free radicals contribute to oxidative stress, which can impair collagen production and accelerate aging. Minimize exposure to pollutants and consider using air purifiers or protective masks when necessary.
- Excessive alcohol consumption: Alcohol can have a negative impact on collagen synthesis and lead to dehydration, which can affect skin health. Limit your alcohol intake and prioritize hydration to support collagen production and maintain skin elasticity.
- High-sugar diet: Excessive sugar consumption can interfere with collagen’s ability to repair itself. By reducing your intake of sugary foods and beverages, you can help sustain collagen levels and support skin health.
- Smoking: The habit of smoking has detrimental effects on collagen production and synthesis. It not only accelerates collagen breakdown but also impairs wound healing and contributes to the formation of wrinkles. Quitting smoking is essential for preserving collagen and maintaining youthful skin.
- Sunlight: Prolonged exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun can lead to collagen degradation. UV rays can break down collagen fibers and hinder collagen synthesis, resulting in premature aging signs like wrinkles and sagging skin. Protecting your skin from the sun by wearing sunscreen, seeking shade, and using protective clothing can help maintain collagen levels and prevent UV damage.
7. Collagen Supplements
Two types of collagen supplements are gaining recent popularity: gelatin and hydrolyzed collagen.
Gelatin is derived from the collagen found in animal bones and tissues, while hydrolyzed collagen is processed further to break down the large protein into smaller peptides.
This process, known as hydrolyzation, enhances the bioavailability and absorption of collagen in the body. These smaller collagen peptides are more easily digested and absorbed, allowing your body to efficiently utilize them for collagen synthesis.
When it comes to collagen supplements, liquid collagen has gained recognition as one of the most effective forms.
Liquid collagen offers superior bioavailability due to its liquid form, which allows for easier and faster absorption in the body. The liquid form eliminates the need for digestion and breakdown processes that solid supplements require.
Additionally, liquid collagen is often formulated with other key nutrients, such as vitamin C or hyaluronic acid, which further enhance collagen absorption and support its synthesis.
The convenience and higher absorption rate of liquid collagen make it a popular choice for individuals looking to maximize the benefits of collagen supplementation.
This is my favorite liquid marine collagen.
8. Collagen Side-Effects
If you decide to take supplements of different types of collagen, you must understand that there can be side effects.
You can face mild side-effects like upset stomach, diarrhea, and skin rashes after using collagen supplements.
If you face any of the symptoms, it is wise to stop consuming them and consult an expert.
Collagen has become a buzzword that pops up every time you mention skin care for aging skin.
Whether you want to make your skin soft and youthful or just facilitate healthy bodily functions, you need the essential protein collagen.
You can start consuming collagen-rich foods or using supplements to stay healthy and young.